In the late 1990s, the Provincial educational funding formula no longer funded community use of schools. This had two significant effects. One, fees for community groups to use school space skyrocketed. Two, as a direct result of one, there was a mass exodus of community groups from schools across the province; these groups’ programs, which served all age groups, were discontinued. A survey by the City of Toronto and United Way of Greater Toronto in 2002 found that in Toronto alone 43% of community groups left schools.